Henna is shrub standing 1.0 to 1.5 m tall. It is glabrous and multi-branched, with spine-tipped branchlets. The leaves grow opposite each other on the stem and are glabrous, sub-sessile, elliptical and lanceolate. Henna flowers are white and fruits are small, brownish round capsules. Henna is a flowering plant used since antiquity to dye skin, hair, fingernails, leather and wool.
Lawsone (2-hydroxy-1,4-naphtoquinone) – a red- organic pigment is the major active principle of henna leaves. Leaves also contains 1,4-naphthoquinone; 2-methoxy-3-methyl- 1,4-naphthoquinone; flavonoids, coumarins, and phenolic acids; 5-10% gallic acid and tannin, about 11% sugars, mucilage, resin, and others.
None known. For educational purposes only. This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.