A moderate sized to large (large in good soil, and moderate in dry rocky places) deciduous tree with a cylindrical bole, rounded crown and spreading branches; leaves ovate, elliptic or obovate, glabrous to tawny-villous beneath with a pair of large glands at the of the petiole; fruits glabrous, shining, ellipsoidal, obovoid or ovoid drupes, yellow to orange brown in colour, faintly angled, upto 3.75 cm long; seeds hard,pale yellow.
Chebulin from flowers. Plamitic, stearic, oleic, linoleic, arachidic and behenic acids from fruit kernels. Fruits contain about 30% of an astringent substance; astringency is due to the characteristic principle chebulnic acid. Also contain tannic acid 20-40%, gallic acid, resin etc. and a purgative glycoside of anthraquinone derivative.
None known. For educational purposes only. This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.